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Odoo 11 Accounting: Landed Costs

Purpose

The purpose of this documentation is to outline the use case and processes associated with Landed Costs.

Landed costs are the total cost of a landed shipment including:

  • Purchase Price

  • Freight

  • Insurance

  • Other Costs up to the Port of Destination.

In some instances, it may also include the customs duties and other taxes levied on the shipment.

In other words, landed costs are: The total price of a product once it has arrived at a buyers door (Cost of Product + Shipping + Customs + Risk).

Getting Started

First thing's first, we want to install the module! Navigate to the Apps application and search for 'Landed Costs'. When ready, click the Install button.

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  Good to Know!

This module requires both the Accounting and Purchases applications. However, if you do not already have these applications installed, Odoo will install them for you during this module's installation!

Processes

To get started, navigate to the Inventory application.
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Enabling Landed Costs

Once there, click on Configuration and then Settings. Scroll down to the Costing section and check the checkbox for Landed Costs. When ready, hit the Save button.

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Configuring Landed Cost Types

Click on Configuration and then Landed Cost Types.

Here you will see a Kanban view of Landed Cost products. Landed Cost products are products that have the 'Is a Landed Cost' checkbox selected.

Hit the Create button.

Fill in the following details:

  • Name: The name of the Landed Cost.

  • Is a Landed Cost: Ensure the 'Is a Landed Cost' checkbox is checked.

  • Split Method: Select a Split Method, the types of which are outlined below in more detail.

  • Expense Account: This should be an expense account that makes sense for the product.

  • Product Type: Select the appropriate product type; in most cases this will be Service.

When ready, hit the Save button.

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Good to Know!

Landed Cost Split Methods

There are a handful of Split Methods that can be applied to a landed cost product. Here is a quick reference for how each behaves:

  • Equal: Cost will be equally divided

  • By Quantity: Cost will be divided based on the product quantity

  • By Current Cost: Cost will be divided based on the product's current cost

  • Weight: Cost will be divided based on weight

  • Volume: Cost will be divided based on volume


   Important!

A Landed Cost can only be used on products configured with the FIFO costing method (sometimes referred to as the 'Real Price’ costing method). The costing method for a product is configured on the product category.

Linking a Landed Cost to a Warehouse Transfer

Now, click on Operations and then Landed Costs. Hit the Create button.

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Fill in the following details:

  • Pickings: Select the picking(s) you want to attribute landed costs to from the dropdown menu.

  • Account Journal: The journal in which you want to post the landed costs.

  • Cost Lines: Click Add an item to add a previously created Landed Cost Type. Add as many cost lines as needed. 

When finished, click Compute

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New lines will appear underneath Valuation Adjustments with the additional landed cost for each picking.

When ready, hit the Save button followed by the VALIDATE button.

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Upon validation, a journal entry will be created in the previously selected Account Journal. You will now have a link to the in the Journal Entry field.

If you click on this link, you will be brought to the entry and it is here that you will see the credit(s) from the Expense account that was selected when creating the landed cost type as well as the debit(s) to your Stock Valuation Account.

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