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Odoo 11 Accounting: Expenses


Purpose

The purpose of this documentation is to outline the use cases and processes associated with Odoo's Expenses application.

Processes

To get started, navigate to the Expenses application.
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Configuring Expenses 

Within the expenses application, click on CONFIGURATION and then SETTINGS.

  • Emails: If selected, you will enter an email address that expenses can be emailed to in order to generate expenses.

  • Customer Billing: If selected, allows you to invoice customers for expenses from sale orders.



Click on CONFIGURATION and then EXPENSE PRODUCTS.

Here you will see a Kanban view of Expense Products. Expense Products are products that have the 'Can be Expensed' checkbox selected.


Important!

Products for Expenses that Will be Invoiced Back to Customers

If you are creating an expense product for an expense that will be invoiced back to the client at cost, don't create your expense product here. Instead, go through the Sales or Inventory applications to create the products, as you will have more control over the product configuration.

For these products, the details below still apply but you'll also want to configure the Income Account and the Expense Account (under the Accounting tab) to use the same expense account, allowing the account to wash out since the cost and the revenue will match.

Hit the Create button.

Fill in the following details:

  • Name: The name of the expense. Here are some sample expense products:

    • Travel Expenses [Internal]: Used for airfare, car rental, hotels and other similar expenses that are associated with travel that is not being invoiced back to a customer.

    • Travel Expenses [Client]: Used for airfare, car rental, hotels and other similar expenses that are associated with client travel and will be invoiced back to a customer.

    • Meals and Entertainment [Internal]: Used for meals and food purchases that will not be invoiced back to a customer.

    • Meals and Entertainment [Client]: Used for meals and food purchases that will be invoiced back to a customer.

    • Other Products: Various broad products for other expenses, such as Office Supplies.

  • Product Type: Expenses, such as travel and food, should be service products.

  • Sales Price: This can be configured to have a set price price, but you may wish to leave this at $1 and set the price appropriately on each expense.

  • Cost: This can be configured to have a set cost, but you may wish to leave this at $0 and set the price appropriately on each expense.

  • Invoicing Policy: Set to nothing for all expenses that will not be invoiced back to a client. If it will be invoiced back to a client, this should be set to 'Delivered Quantities' or 'Milestones'.

  • Re-Invoice Expenses: This should be set to 'No' for all expenses that will not be invoiced back to a client. If it will be invoiced back to a client, this should be set to 'At cost' or 'Sales price'.

  • Expense Account: This should be an expense account that makes sense for the type of product. For example, Travel Expenses are assigned a Travel Expenses expense account. Here are some example expense product and account match ups:

    • Travel Expenses [Internal] : 220107 Travel Expenses

    • Travel Expenses [Client] : 220107 Travel Expenses

    • Meals and Entertainment [Internal] : 220150 Meals and Entertainment Expenses  (50%)

    • Meals and Entertainment [Client] : 220108 Meals and Entertainment Expenses (Client)

    • Other Products:  An existing expense account that makes sense given the nature of the product (Supplies Expenses for office supplies, for example)

When ready, hit the Save button.


Creating Expenses

Click on My Expenses and then Expenses to Submit.

Here you will see a list of all of your expenses. Click the Create button.

  • Expense Description: Describe the expense including enough details to make it easily identifiable ('Hotel for Trip to X Client', for example)

  • Product: Choose the appropriate expense product

  • Unit Price: Set the price based on the receipt total.

  • Quantity: Will typically be a quantity of one, unless multiple of the product were purchased on the same day at the same price.

  • Taxes: Typically none

  • Bill Reference: Something like a receipt or order number.

  • Expense Date: The date the purchase was made.

  • Account: An appropriate expense account, as described above (usually filled by the product).

  • Employee: Select the employee responsible for the expense (usually yourself).

  • Sale Order: If being invoiced back to a client, select the customer's sale order. If not being invoiced back to a client, leave empty.

  • Payment By: If an employee made the purchase and needs to be reimbursed, select 'Employee (to reimburse)'. If the company paid for the purchase and no reimbursement is needed, select 'Company'.

  • Analytic Account: If needed (e.g. to bill to a project like potentially large trips or marketing initiatives), or potentially an Analytic Account that is related to the Sale Order chosen earlier.



Hit the Documents smart button and then the Create button. Name the Attachment something descriptive ('Y Hotel Receipt: Trip to X Client', for example) and then upload the receipt.



Hit the Save button and then use your breadcrumbs to go back to your expense.

Double check the totals and your work. When ready, hit the Submit to Manager button. After submitting the expense, you will be directed to a new form (hr.expense.sheet). You must then either approve the expense or hit the Save button before exiting.

Good To Know!

Submitting Batches of Expenses

When on a list view of expenses, you can select multiple expenses and then choose an Action dropdown Expense: Submit to Manager

Use this to group several expenses that would be related and in the same period.

Approving Expenses

Click on To Approve and then Expense Reports to Approve.

Here you will see a list of expenses that are awaiting approval. Click on one and review it. If the expense has been created correctly and the appropriate documentation has been attached, click the Approve button.


Posting Expenses

Click on Accountant and then Expense Reports to Post.

This will bring you to a list of expenses that that need to be posted. Click on one of the expenses.

You have one last chance to check your work before hitting the POST JOURNAL ENTRIES button. Once you do this, the following will happen:

  • If Payment By was Company, there will be no further action until the charge hits a card or bank, at which point it will be reconciled.

  • If Payment By was Employee (to Reimburse),  it will now show up under Expense Reports to Pay and you will be able to register payment.

Re-Invoicing to Clients

If the expense and the expense product were setup appropriately, hitting the Post Journal Entries button on an approved expense will add the expense to the client's sale order.

On the expense, you will see that an analytic account is applied once journal entries are posted.



On the sale order itself, you will see the expense as a new line item that is ready to invoice.



When the client is invoiced at the end of each month, these will be included as line items on their invoice.