Accounting: Configuration: Fiscal Positions
The purpose of this documentation is to outline the use case and processes associated with Fiscal Positions in Odoo.
Fiscal Positions allow you to define the taxes that should be applied for a specific customer or vendor. This is especially useful if you handle customers or vendors in multiple states or counties that have different taxes! It's easy as just applying the fiscal position to them. Once that happens, the right taxes will be selected for the products they buy automatically!
To get started, navigate to the Accounting app.
Configuring Fiscal Positions
To make a new record, click Create and complete the form.
Fiscal Position: Enter a name to describe which customers it will be applied to.
Use Taxcloud API: TaxCloud is an API that will detect the customer's tax rate by location, then create and apply the tax rate automatically. To use this method, you'll also need to select the Detect Automatically option when selling to American customers, as well as configure the TaxCloud API with Odoo. Refer to the Odoo TaxCloud Configuration document.
Detect Automatically: This standalone option also allows Odoo to automatically assign this position based on the customer's location, but it requires further configuration.
When enabled, the following fields will display and should be filled out if TaxCloud is not enabled. You can refine this as much as necessary according to your specific requirements.
Country Group or Country: If you use country Groups, you can select the appropriate one here. Otherwise, select your country.
Federal State: Select the state this fiscal position will apply to.
Zip Range: To further refine the taxes applied, enter a zip code range for the state. These will default to 0 which is inclusive of all zip codes within the state.
Tax on Product: The tax you are replacing.
Tax to Apply: The tax you would like to apply for this fiscal position.
Good to Know!
If Detect Automatically is selected on the form for a Fiscal Position, every partner with an address that contains that Country, Country Group, State, or Zip Code Range (whichever was configured) will have this fiscal position applied. There is no need to additionally apply the Fiscal Position to a Partner.
Applying a Fiscal Position to a Partner
Navigate to the Contacts app.
Managing Tax Exemption
It is possible to use Fiscal Positions to manage tax exemption on sales. Any Product that should be taxed should have a tax named 'Product Sales Tax'. By creating a new 'Tax Exempt' fiscal position that is not mapped to a tax rate, and another that is designated for the required state tax, new orders will be assigned the appropriate rate as needed. Any additional tax requirements will be applied by the customer's location.
To illustrate this ruleset, the following use case outlines a typical reseller tax configuration:
The fiscal position Tax Exempt does not have a tax rate applied.
The partner Beale Street Bake Shop has been assigned the Tax Exempt fiscal position.
Now, when creating a quote or sale order, the product sales tax will be applied, but because there is no applicable rate, no tax will be collected.